Punjabi words are made up partly of
consonants and partly of vowel signs. Letters are written first and
then the sound symbols. Punjabi punctuation is similar to that used in
English. However, one distinct difference is that in Punjabi a vertical
stroke is used at the end of a sentence to mark a full stop.
There are ten vowels represented by nine
signs. Their positions relating to consonants are as follows:
written beneath the letter,
are written above the letter,
(sihārī) is written on the left of the
letter while (bihārī)
(kannā) are written on the
right. The three auxillary signs
written above the letter. Punjabi is the best written on lined paper
initially. In Roman script the letters rest in the line, whereas in Punjabi
the horizontal head stroke is written upon the line, the characters
then hang from the line, in much the same way as clothes hang from a
Gurmukhi is written as we speak it . No sound is derived from two
consonant symbol can be put to any letter except first three letters
(ੳ, ਅ and ੲ)
ਅ and ੲ are never
used without a vowel symbol.
ੳ can have
only three vowel symbols namely
of no place at the top to get the sound of
hōṛā, the top is opened
three symbols namely
can have the remaining four symbols
bindī. This letter
can also be used without a symbol.
bindī are used for nasal sounds.
ṭippī is used upon letter
without any vowel symbol or with symbol of
dulaiṅkaṛ only. It is not used with
bindī used with this letter).
bindī is used with remaining vowel
symbols are put after writing the letter. However while typing only
is to be typed before typing the
no additional letters or joint letters in the old Script. The symbols
bindī were not used and nor any punctuation mark except
full stop was used then.
Learning about symbols is
very important to write Punjabi in Gurmukhi script. All the letters
except first three in Gurmukhi alphabet are consonants. A vowel symbol
does not have any independent sound but it gives sound to the letter to
which it attached. Symbols are never used without a letter, but letters
can be used without a symbol. In that case they retain their primary